How to Treat a Burn at Home
Burns occur from exposure to heat, steam, hot liquids, chemicals or the sun. The treatment of burns depends on the severity of the burn.
Severe burns can destroy all layers of skin and even damage muscles and underlying fat. Severe burns need immediate medical attention. Natural therapies can help with wound healing and decreasing pain. Wondering how to treat a burn at home? I’m about to tell you some of the best natural remedies that can reduce the risk of infection and help areas heal without scarring. What is good to put on a burn? To help heal burns naturally, home remedies for a burn include applying essential oils, antioxidants and plant compounds topically. You can also reduce foods that increase inflammation and slow healing while increasing anti-inflammatory foods that promote optimal healing.
Types of Burn
Burn symptoms can include red skin, swelling, pain and blisters. For a really bad burn, it can take one to two days for symptoms to be fully present. How can you tell if a burn is minor enough to be treated at home? The severity of symptoms can help you figure out the degree of your burn. It can also help you to figure out whether or not you need medical attention.
Depending on the level of skin damage, burns are typically categorized as follows:
- First degree burn: This is the most minor type of burn that affects only the outer layer of the skin known as the epidermis. Symptoms can include redness and pain.
- Second degree burn (also known as partial thickness burns): This burn affects both the epidermis and the dermis (the second layer of skin). It can result in swelling and red, white or splotchy skin. Blisters can develop and pain can be severe. A deep second-degree burn can result in scarring of the skin.
- Third degree burn: This severe burn goes all the way down to the fat layer beneath the skin. Burned areas can be black, brown or white and the skin can appear leathery. Third-degree burns can destroy nerves, resulting in numbness.
The best way to treat a burn depends upon the type of burn. First degree burns often occur from common activities around the house, especially in the kitchen. The following popular internet searches will give you an idea of common causes of minor burns: “how to treat a burn from a hot pan,” “how to treat a burn from boiling water,” “how to treat a grease burn” or “how to treat a burn from melted sugar.” Unfortunately, I bet you are familiar with at least one of these circumstances that can easily result in a burn to the skin.
While serious burns require immediate medical attention, the good news is a first degree burn is typically easy to treat with natural home remedies. What is the best way to treat minor burns? Let’s take a look now!
How to Treat a Burn: 10 Home Remedies
1. Cool It Down
Whether you’re trying to figure out how to treat a burn on finger, how to treat a burn on hand or how to treat a burn anywhere else on your body, the first thing you want to do is calm down the affected area. Put the burned skin under cool running water or apply a cool, wet compress for about five minutes. The running water should help to calm down any pain. As much as it may seem like a good idea, do not use cold water or ice. (2)
2. Top Foods to Heal Burns
If you’re wondering how to heal a burn fast, don’t forget to focus on your diet! These are some of the top things you’ll want to be consuming to promote healing.
Water: Drink plenty of water or electrolyte drinks like coconut water to help replenish lost fluids.
Citrus fruits: Include fruits and vegetables high in vitamin C, which promotes collagen production and skin healing.
Wild-caught fish: Include sources of omega-3 fats to reduce inflammation and help with tissue repair.
Zinc: Zinc plays a major role in regulating every phase of the wound healing process. To increase your intake of zinc-rich foods, you can add grass-fed beef, pumpkin seeds and spinach to your diet.
Clean, lean protein: Protein is necessary to rebuild tissue. Aim for at least four to five ounces of high protein foods per meal daily.
3. Foods that Slow Healing (What to Avoid)
While it’s important to consume anti-inflammatory foods, it’s also equally important to steer clear of inflammatory foods. These include:
Sugar: Sugar promotes inflammation in the body and is counterproductive to healing.
Trans and hydrogenated oils: Processed foods contain hydrogenated oils, which promote inflammation and decrease the ability of your body to heal.
Processed foods: Processed foods may contain chemicals, dyes and other questionable additives that may slow healing.
4. Aloe vera
How to treat razor burn at home is not exactly the same as how to treat a burn at home, but aloe vera gel is definitely a natural remedy these two skin concerns have in common. Aloe vera, with its calming and cooling properties, has a long history of use for burns. In fact, many decades ago in 1959, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of aloe vera ointment as an over-the-counter medication for healing burns on the skin.
Look for an aloe vera gel that is at least 99 percent pure. You can apply the gel two times daily to promote healing.
6. Vitamin E
Experiencing a burn causes oxidative stress to the body and can deplete vitamin E, especially if it’s a really serious burn. While study results haven’t been super impressive, one of the most popular uses of vitamin E is the treatment of burns, scars and wounds.
You can load up on vitamin E-rich foods, take a supplement (typically 400 IU daily) or use a topical vitamin E.
Zinc is critical for enzymatic reactions for healing as I mentioned earlier. Taking a zinc supplement can help to boost levels if you don’t think you’re getting enough in your diet.
L-glutamine is an amino acid required for tissue healing and to prevent infections related to burns. According to a scientific article titled “Nutrition and Chronic Wounds,” published in 2014, “There is evidence in situations of trauma, burns, and sepsis that glutamine supplementation improves gut function, decreases septic complications, and improves insulin sensitivity, suggesting the presence of the amino acid in insufficient quantities.”
9. Antioxidant Supplements
Burns can cause an inflammatory response in the body that leads to the release of free radicals. Antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium and flavonoids and other antioxidants can help to the reduce the free radicals caused by burns.
10. Essential Oils for Burns
Lavender oil is one of the best home remedies for a burn. A research study published in 2016 demonstrates how lavender ointment promotes effective wound healing, “making it a promising candidate for future application as a therapeutic agent in tissue repairing processes associated with skin injuries.” A single-blind, randomized, clinical trial published in 2016 also shows how aromatherapy massage using lavender essential oil and the inhalation of the oil can reduce pain and anxiety in burn victims.
For burn relief and to heal cuts, scrapes or wounds, mix three to five drops of lavender oil with ½ teaspoon of coconut oil and apply the mixture to the area of concern. You can use your fingers or a clean cotton ball.
While lavender essential oil can help heal burns, frankincense oil may help to reduce scarring, and tea tree oil can reduce the risk of infection. To heal burns fast, try this homemade burn ointment with lavender, honey and olive oil. You can include a few drops of frankincense and tea tree oils in the recipe too for additional therapeutic benefits.
Conventional Burn Treatment + When to Visit a Doctor
Depending on the type of burn you have, conventional burn treatment will vary. Major burns that involve a more severe degree of skin damage require emergency care while a minor burn does not and is a good candidate for natural home remedies.
To help guide you, remember that major burns are deep, can cause the skin to be dry and leathery, can look charred, include patches of white, brown or black, are larger than three inches in diameter and/or they cover the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks or a major joint. A minor burn results in superficial redness to the skin (similar to a sunburn), pain, possibly blistering of the skin and/or involves an area that is not larger than three inches in diameter. (2)
How to treat a first degree burn conventionally
Typically, first-degree burns are treated with topical products such as antibiotic ointments and aloe vera creams. Over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen are often recommended.
How to treat a second degree burn conventionally
Depending on the severity of the second degree burn, treatment can include antibiotic ointments, pain relievers, wound cleaning and dressing changes and/or systemic antibiotics. A second-degree burn that does not cover greater than 10 percent of the skin’s surface can often be treated in an outpatient setting.
How to treat a third degree burn
If a third degree burn covers a large area of the body, intravenous (through the vein) antibiotics may be administered to prevent infections. Intravenous fluids may also be given to replace fluids the body lost as a result of experiencing the burn. Third-degree burns sometimes require skin grafting or the use of synthetic skin.
What about chemical burns? If you’re unsure of how to handle a chemical burn, you can contact the United States National Poison Hotline (1-800-222-1222), your local poison control center or the emergency department of your local hospital. Conventional recommendations for how to treat chemical burns are typically to immediately flush the area with cool running water for 10 minutes at the least, remove jewelry or clothing that also came in contact with the chemical, cover the burn with a sterile gauze bandage (no fluffy cotton) or a clean cloth and wrap it loosely so you don’t apply any pressure to the burn.
For a severe or major burn, seek medical attention immediately rather than turning to home remedies for a burn. While waiting for medical assistance, remove any jewelry or tight clothing from the burned area if possible. Ideally, removal should be quick and gentle before the burned area swells up.
For any burn, contact your doctor if you begin to have any new or unexplained symptoms, signs of infection (including increased redness and swelling, oozing or a greater level of pain), a burn or blister that doesn’t heal within two weeks or significant scarring.
Remember that when it comes to how to treat a burn blister, you should not break any blisters that have formed. While they may be annoying, those blisters filled with fluid are guarding you from infection. If a blister happens to break on its own, you should clean the area with mild soap and water. You can apply a clean, dry, loose bandage to cover the area if you’d like.
If you have a chemical burn to the eyes, you should always seek emergency medical care.
Speak with your doctor before using any new natural remedies or supplements if you are pregnant, nursing, being treated for an illness or are currently taking medication.
How to Treat a Burn Final Thoughts
- Burns occur from exposure to heat, steam, hot liquids, chemicals or the sun. The treatment of burns depends on the severity of the burn.
- First degree burns can typically be treated easily at home.
- How to treat second degree burns involves proper blister care, which includes not popping those protective blisters that form.
- Third degree burns or major burns always require emergency care.
- Natural home remedies for a burn include:
- Eating healing foods, including those rich in vitamin C, zinc, protein and omega-3 fatty acids and staying hydrated.
- Avoiding foods counterproductive to burn healing like sugar, processed foods and trans fats.
- Applying aloe vera, vitamin E and essential oils like lavender topically.
- Taking antioxidant supplements like vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium and flavonoids that can help counter oxidative stress caused by a burn.